EDUP106 Phase 1, Task A3

In your journal write about the similarities and differences of these various models. Make a note of your opinion of the appropriateness of these models in an educational context. How effective might the different models be? What might be some limitations associated any of these models?



  1. GROW
    • GROW stands for:
    • Goal.
      Current Reality.
      Options (or Obstacles).
      Will (or Way Forward).
      The model was originally developed in the 1980s by business coaches Graham Alexander, Alan Fine, and Sir John Whitmore.
  2. CLEAR
    • The CLEAR coaching model was developed by Peter Hawkins in the early 80’s, and is an acronym for


  3. OSKAR
    • Originating from the Solutions Focused Approach the OSKAR coaching model is a powerful framework to help your coaching sessions focus on solutions rather than problems. Here is a brief description of the different stages (adapted from ‘The Solutions Focus’ by Paul Z Jackson and Mark McKergow).

      The five stages of OSKAR
      Affirm & Action


  • Solution focused.
  • Beginning – middle – end approach
  • Answers from the individual


  • Definition of similar concepts
  • Complexity of model


  1. Hudson
    • A five-factor model for mentoring has been identified, namely, personal attributes, system requirements, pedagogical knowledge, modelling, and feedback.
    • The mentor’s personal attributes, facilitating pedagogical knowledge, modelling practices, and providing constructive feedback should link with current literature if practices are to advance with the world’s knowledge about teaching or conversely provide research evidence that may re-direct the mentoring process.
  2. The 3 (not 5) Cs approach
    • The mentor encourages the person to focus on Clarity, Creativity and Concrete Results. The aim is to enable the person to take away practical tools they can use to achieve ongoing success.
    • Slides-M-is-for-Mentoring 2
  3. Education Scotland
    • Mentoring in education involves pairing young people with an older peer or volunteer, who acts as a positive role model. In general, mentoring aims to build confidence, develop resilience and character, or raise aspirations, rather than to deliver specific academic skills or knowledge.
  4. ?

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